By Carol Pipes
NASHVILLE, Tenn.— Southern Baptist congregations saw a rebound in the number of baptisms and an increase of $304 million in overall giving in 2021, both hopeful signs congregations are recovering from the COVID-19 pandemic.
Southern Baptist congregations baptized 154,701 in 2021, a 26% increase from 123,160 reported in 2020, according to the Annual Church Profile (ACP) compiled by Lifeway Christian Resources in cooperation with Baptist state conventions. Although baptisms are not back to pre-COVID levels, Southern Baptist leaders rejoice that numbers are moving in the right direction.
“I am incredibly proud of local churches that have stayed steady with evangelism during the pandemic. The increase in baptisms highlights that local pastors and churches prioritize soul-winning, evangelism and discipleship,” said Willie McLaurin, SBC Executive Committee interim president and CEO. “However, while we rejoice with the uptick in baptisms, more individuals still need to hear the life-changing gospel of Jesus.”
While baptisms and giving rose, other key metrics declined, including membership, average weekly worship attendance and total number of Southern Baptist congregations.
The number of churches cooperating with the Southern Baptist Convention (SBC) increased by 22 to 47,614, while the number of church-type missions dropped 9.5% to 2,809 bringing the total number of congregations to 50,423. This is the 4th consecutive year of decline in total number of congregations after a peak of 51,920 in 2017. Multisite congregations reported 575 campuses where additional local church ministry takes place.
Membership in Southern Baptist congregations continued its long-term decline with a 3% drop from 14,089,947 in 2020 to 13,680,493 in 2021.
Two years after COVID-19 caused shutdowns and delayed reopenings of worship services and other church activities, Southern Baptists are finally seeing the full impact of the pandemic on in-person attendance. Average weekly in-person worship attendance declined from 4,439,797 in 2020 to 3,607,530 in 2021—an 18.75% decline. And the average attendance of in-person Sunday School, Bible study and small groups declined from 2,879,130 to 2,241,514—a 22.15% decrease.
“We suspected the statistics from the 2020 ACP did not show the full impact of COVID-19 on attendance,” said Scott McConnell, executive director of Lifeway Research. “Every year we instruct congregations to calculate attendance averages for the weeks they meet in person. Churches that only met in person prior to the pandemic in 2020 would have reported average weekly attendance for those weeks. Many churches resumed meeting in person in 2021 and only then registered a pandemic-related drop in attendance.
“It’s not fun to document difficult seasons of ministry, but we know God is as faithful today as He has ever been. And these statistics continue to show the faithfulness and sacrifice of congregations during trying times.”
For the first time in ACP history, churches were asked to include data for online worship and group participation. Southern Baptist congregations reported 1,447,313 in average weekly online worship participation and 198,122 in average online Sunday School/Bible study/small group participation.
“Many churches began sharing their worship services online during the pandemic,” McConnell said. “While some may only continue this practice until it’s safe for all to return, others have made it an ongoing part of their ministry or outreach.”
Giving and mission expenditures increase
Total church receipts, undesignated receipts, total mission expenditures, and Great Commission Giving all increased in 2021. Total church receipts reported through the ACP increased 2.6% to $11.8 billion. Undesignated church receipts increased 2.6% to nearly $9.8 billion.
Congregations reported total mission expenditures of $1.1 billion and Great Commission Giving of $516 million.
“The increased generosity among churches is a high point in the Annual Church Profile. The increase in giving through the local church has accelerated our unified Great Commission efforts of mobilizing more missionaries and planting more churches,” McLaurin said. “For 97 years, Southern Baptist churches have maintained steadfastness in Cooperative Program giving, and the increase we see in baptisms and giving are reasons for us to pause and thank God for His faithfulness.”
Giving through the SBC’s Cooperative Program is not included in the ACP statistical summary. Those totals are available through Baptist state conventions and the SBC Executive Committee which process the mission gifts.
Seven in 10 Southern Baptist churches participated in the 2021 ACP by reporting at least one item on the profile, up 1 percentage point from the 69% who reported last year, but still well below the 75% that reported in 2019.
Totals for various categories of the ACP were affected by the fact that not all state conventions asked congregations for all the information in a way that would allow proper year-to-year comparisons. The impacted categories and their 2021 totals include:
- Total members: 13,680,493
- Other membership additions: 124,356
- Online weekly worship average participation: 1,447,313
- Online Sunday School/Bible study/small group average participation: 198,122
- Undesignated receipts: $9,774,807,128
- Total receipts: $11,830,303,965
- Total mission expenditures: $1,119,075,812
- Great Commission Giving: $516,093,240
The ACP is compiled by Lifeway Christian Resources in cooperation with Baptist state conventions. Individual congregations voluntarily report their ACP data to their local Baptist associations and/or their state conventions. National statistics are compiled and released when all cooperating state conventions have reported.
Carol Pipes is Lifeway’s director of corporate communications.
About Lifeway Research
Lifeway Research is a Nashville-based, evangelical research firm that specializes in surveys about faith in culture and matters that affect churches.
About Lifeway Christian Resources
In operation since 1891, Lifeway Christian Resources is one of the leading providers of Christian resources, including Bibles, books, Bible studies, Christian music and movies, Vacation Bible School, and church supplies, as well as camps and events for all ages. Lifeway is the world’s largest provider of Spanish Bibles. Based in Nashville, Tennessee, Lifeway operates as a self-supporting nonprofit. For more information, visit Lifeway.com.